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An early study shows that vertebrate organs can be ‘reloaded’ by electroreception

An early study shows that vertebrate organs can be ‘reloaded’ by electroreception

By Akshay Jain, ContributorThe early discovery that vertebrates can learn to recognize faces is a major advance in understanding how and why animals form social bonds and form social groups has opened up a whole new way to understand how animals interact.

The latest study suggests that the brain’s neural system is able to use a series of chemical signals to trigger the activation of a series or neural circuits.

The discovery has been made by a team led by Prof. Vikas R. Rao, from the Department of Brain, Brain and Development at Jawaharlal Nehru University, and published in Nature Communications.

“Neural systems can change their properties when they receive chemical signals.

For example, when we take chemical signals from a cell, they can be turned into electrical signals.

When we give a signal, the system can change the properties of that signal,” Prof. Rao said.”

It is like taking a voltage signal and turning it into a current,” he said.

To understand how this happens, Prof. Rao and his colleagues had to understand exactly how the brain converts chemical signals into electrical ones.

“To make this experiment, we had to build a very large network of neural circuits, with millions of neurons, and we needed to take these signals and turn them into electrical pulses,” Prof Rao said, adding that he used a technique called optogenetics to control the size of the neural circuits and the timing of their activation.

“We did this by feeding them signals that are like a volt, but that don’t cause any current, and then we had them activate these neurons,” he explained.

“These neurons are connected to one another, and they are all activated by the same electrical pulses, which are then translated into electrical impulses,” he added.

The results of the experiments were then used to study how the electrical signals are converted into the electrical impulses.

“The neurons are also switched off and on when the electrical signal is turned on.

We could see that the neurons were active when the voltage was turned on, but when the signal was turned off, they stopped,” Prof Rao said.

The research showed that the neural systems that were activated when the signals were turned on are activated when we see a face or hear a sound.

“This is very interesting, because when we put an electric signal on one of these circuits, we get a response from the system,” Prof Kalyan Rao said in an interview with the BBC.

“And the brain can then interpret this signal and it’s used to make the electrical impulse.”

So when you’re in the forest, you don’t have to worry about being eaten by a bear, because the bear will turn off the electrical neurons when you turn on the lights.

“The team also discovered that when the neural circuit is turned off the response comes from neurons that are not active, and that this helps to keep the neural system in a “state of readiness”.”

When the neural signal is off, the neurons stop responding to the incoming electric signal.

So when you look at the response, you can tell that the network is in a state of readiness,” Prof Rajesh Rao said.”

So the results of our experiments have revealed the brain to be able to interpret a signal as an electrical impulse, which in turn helps it to make better decisions,” he continued.

The team hopes that the findings will lead to new ways to understand social behaviour, as well as the evolution of social behaviours in the animal kingdom.”

Our work shows that the ability to interpret signals can help us to understand why social behaviour is common,” Prof Bhardwaj Kumar, who led the research, told the BBC in an email.”

Humans are also capable of understanding these signals.

It is quite a common feature of the brain, which is not something that can be observed from just a single neuron, so the ability of the nervous system to interpret these signals is likely to play a major role in our social behaviour.